Aktuelle Bilder
Galerie: Fotos aus Grainet und Umgebung von Simmel Siegfried

 Gemeinde Grainet:
 Obere Hauptstraße 11
 94143 Grainet
 Tel. 08585 / 9600-0
 Fax: 08585 / 960096

 Mail: poststelle@grainet.de

 Mo.-Do.: 8.00 - 12.00 Uhr
 und 13.00 - 16.00 Uhr

 Fr.: 8.00 - 12.00 Uhr

The "Bavarian-Bohemian Säumerfest“,

celebrated every year on the third weekend of July.

Once again, the "Säumerfest" offers a diversified programme of events to its visitors involving light music, the procession of the "Säumer" (carriers) as well as the display of their camp, folklore, a grocers' market, a presentation of the old crafts, a historical court case and a large festive procession.

Säumer, Gemeinde Grainet

It's the "Säumer" (the origin of the word is „Sam“ (the bearing load of horses)) with their horses laden true to original, who take Grainet - an authentic "Säumer" village, which owes its foundation around 1400 to the Golden Trail and the "Säumern" - back to those years when the trade to Bohemia gave work and bread to the people.

The Golden Trail (1010 - 1706) had been the most important and most used trade route between Bavaria and Bohemia for centuries. A tremendous amount of salt was delievered to the saltless Bohemia on this route. Today, in the age of modern cooling devices, most people can no longer imagine the salt's worth. Before the three-field rotation was implemented, salt as a preservative had been vital. Thus, much money was made with the "white gold" and particularly the rich merchant princes from Passau and Prachatitz were benefitting. However, a great deal of the grinding poor population of the Böhmerwald subsisted solely on the salt trade as well.

Among the numerous towns at the Golden Trail (it owes its name to the abundant earnings), Fürholz (the last settlement "vor dem Holz" (in front of the wood))was one of the most important ones. At the great Ilzstädter Landtag of 1256, the prince-bishop of Passau, Otto von Lonsdorf, permitted the population of Fürholz the "Säumen" (carriage of goods). In the 16th century, almost the whole population of Fürholz "säumte", as up to 1300 pack horses were crossing the town week after week. Hundreds of "Säumer" transported confectionery (Süßwaren?), wine, cloths, spices and other precious goods alongside the salt to Bohemia with their horses. The return freight consisted mainly of cereal, malt, beer and corn brandy.

From 1558 – 1560, 182 472 centners of salt were transported to Prachatitz in a burdensome manner, although one horse merely carried a load of three centners. As many young "Säumer" - you might find it hard to believe! - covered the distance from Passau to Bohemia and back three times a week (distance Passau-Bohemia: 100 kilometers), the old "Säumer" couldn't keep up. Hence, the prince-bishop issued a "Säumer" ordinance in 1538, which regulated the amount and the frequency of the "Säumen".

At the time of the Thirty Years War, the trade came more and more to a standstill because in those hard times most of the "Säumer" lost their horses and carts due to the fact that they had to put them at the disposal of the troops marching through. This withdrew their basis of existence and engulfed them in misery. In 1706, the salt deposit was transfered from Prachatitz to Krummau, which signified the end of the Golden Trail.

With the displacement of the Bohemian "Säumer" villages, populated mostly by Germans, in 1944/45, another deep cut into the region's history took place.
Since 1991, the towns of Prachatitz and Grainet have revived history through their collective salt festivals. As long ago as 1996, a treaty of friendship was signed by Prachatitz, Wallern, Grainet and Waldkirchen. The overriding basic idea of this treaty is the cross-border european unity and the "Säumer" from Grainet embody an excellent link between the countries.

 Säumer Gemeinde Grainet    Saeumer im Winter   Saeumerfest Grainet