Aktuelle Bilder
Galerie: Fotos aus Grainet und Umgebung von Simmel Siegfried

 Gemeinde Grainet:
 Obere Hauptstraße 11
 94143 Grainet
 Tel. 08585 / 9600-0
 Fax: 08585 / 960096

 Mail: poststelle@grainet.de

 Mo.-Do.: 8.00 - 12.00 Uhr
 und 13.00 - 16.00 Uhr

 Fr.: 8.00 - 12.00 Uhr

History of the Community of Grainet

Grainet  Pfarrkirche Schule Rathaus Grainetowes its foundation to the gaffers and "Salzsäumern" (salt carriers). Around 1400, it came into being in a cleared area of the former potash glassworks situated on the bank of the Glas stream.

The oldest town of the community of Grainet is Fürholz. It has already formed around 1220. Fürholz was the last town on the Golden Trail "vor dem Wald" the "Säumer" (carriers) had to pass. Per week, Fürholz was crossed by approximately 1200 horses laden with up to three centners of salt on their way to Bohemia to return mainly cereal, wine and other goods from there. The Golden Trail was an important long distance trade route, which led from Passau via Waldkirchen to Fürholz and Grainet, over the ridge of the Haidel to the nowadays "sunken village" Leopoldsreut and from there to Bohemia via Wallern to the rich town of Prachatitz. The Bavarian-Bohemian "Säumerfest", celebrated every year on the third weekend of July, is still reminiscent of this time and several guesthouses stand in the tradition of historical "Säumer" hostels.

The small town of Rehberg was founded in the year 1500. In 1620, it has already consisted of 14 estates. Rehberg has a very beautiful old chapel made out of wood. Vorderfreundorf was mentioned for the first time in 1486. Located at the Haidweg, it attained great importance because of the intrusion of the imperial troops. In 1619, the prince-bishop let construct the "grosse Schanze" (great entrenchment) to protect the population.

In its current form, Grainet has been existing since 1971. In the course of the territorial reform the communities of Grainet, Fürholz, Rehberg and Vorderfreundorf allied voluntarily. Grainet is situated in the south of the Bavarian Forest at the National Park Bavarian Forest in the border triangle Bavaria - Czech Republic - Austria. The Bavarian and the Bohemian Forest form the biggest contiguous woodland in Europe. Here, you experience intact nature with clear streams and mountain lakes in the purest air measured in Germany.

The Community of Grainet

... in the administrative district Lower Bavaria was owned by the archduke Ferdinand of Tuscany. Since the peace treaties of Brünn and Preßburg in 1805*) the community has belonged to Bavaria. The small town in the former price-bishopric Passau was secularized with most of the prince-bishopric's territory in favor of Ferdinand of Tuscany in 1803 and didn't pass into the ownership of Bavaria until 1805. *) In 1805, several Austrian regions as well as the imperial city of Augsburg passed into the ownership of Bavaria owing to the Peace of Bratislava (December 26, 1805). The territory of the former prince-bishopric Würzburg was yielded to the archduke Ferdinand of Tuscany. In return, Bavaria received Brixen, Tyrol and Trent. The regulations of the Peace of Bratislava affecting Bavaria, which also contained amongst other things its acknowledgement as a kingdom, had already been ensured in the Bavarian-French Treaty of Brünn (December 10,1805) and now had to be accepted by Austria.

History: Grainet and the "grünende Stab" (verdant stick)


The Emblem of Grainet:

The branch-like stick refers to the place name, whose origin is the word "Grünen" (verdancy), the "Säumer" bell refers to the history, the salt trade on the Golden Trail. Grainet - mentioned for the first time in the beginning of the 15th century - owes its foundation to the "Salzsäumern" (salt carriers) and the gaffers. Before 1449, the first glassworks had already been built on the bank of the Glas stream. In the beginning of the 16th century the construction of the "Nikolaus" church was completed and in 1756 the parish church followed. In 1750, Grainet became a parish (more information ...).